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Add-AzureKeyVaultKey

Add-AzureKeyVaultKey

microsoft.azure.commands.keyvault.dll

Synopsis

Creates a key in a vault or imports a key into a vault.

Syntax

Add-AzureKeyVaultKey [-VaultName] [-Name] [-Destination] [-Disable] [-Expires] [-KeyFilePassword] [-KeyOps] [-NotBefore] [-Profile] [-Tags] [-KeyFilePath] [<CommonParameters>]

Add-AzureKeyVaultKey [-VaultName] [-Name] [-Disable] [-Expires] [-KeyOps] [-NotBefore] [-Profile] [-Tags] [-Destination] [<CommonParameters>]

Detailed Description

The Add-AzureKeyVaultKey cmdlet creates a key in an Azure Key Vault, or imports a key into a vault. Use this cmdlet to add keys by using any of the following methods: -- Create a key in a hardware security module (HSM) in the Azure Key Vault service. -- Create a key in software in the Azure Key Vault service. -- Import a key from your own hardware security module (HSM) to HSMs in the Azure Key Vault service. -- Import a key from a .pfx file on your computer. -- Import a key from a .pfx file on your computer to hardware security modules (HSMs) in the Azure Key Vault service. For any of these operations, you can provide key attributes or accept default settings. If you create or import a key that has the same name as an existing key in your key vault, the original key is updated with the values that you specify for the new key. You can access the previous values by using the version-specific URI for that version of the key. To learn about key versions and the URI structure, see "About Keys and Secrets" in the Key Vault REST API documentation (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=518560). Note: To import a key from your own hardware security module, you must first generate a BYOK package (a file with a .byok file name extension) by using the Azure Key Vault BYOK toolset. For more information, see How to Generate and Transfer HSM-Protected Keys for Azure Key Vault (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=522252).

Parameters

-Destination <String>

Specifies whether to add the key as a software-protected key or an HSM-protected key in the Key Vault service. Valid values are: HSM and Software.

Note: To use HSM as your destination, you must have a key vault that supports HSMs. For more information about the service tiers and capabilities for Azure Key Vault, see the Azure Key Vault Pricing website (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=512521).

This parameter is required when you create a new key. If you import a key by using the KeyFilePath parameter, this parameter is optional: -- If you do not specify this parameter, and this cmdlet imports a key that has .byok file name extension, it imports that key as an HSM-protected key. The cmdlet cannot import that key as software-protected key. -- If you do not specify this parameter, and this cmdlet imports a key that has a .pfx file name extension, it imports the key as a software-protected key.

Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position

named

Default value

none

Accept pipeline input?

false

Accept wildcard characters?

false

-Disable <SwitchParameter>

Indicates that the key you are adding is set to an initial state of disabled. Any attempt to use the key will fail. Use this parameter if you are preloading keys that you intend to enable later.

Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position

named

Default value

none

Accept pipeline input?

false

Accept wildcard characters?

false

-Expires <Nullable [DateTime]>

Specifies the expiration time, as a DateTime object, for the key that this cmdlet adds. This parameter uses Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). To obtain a DateTime object, use the Get-Date cmdlet. For more information, type Get-Help Get-Date. If you do not specify this parameter, the key does not expire.

Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position

named

Default value

none

Accept pipeline input?

true(ByPropertyName)

Accept wildcard characters?

false

-KeyFilePassword <SecureString>

Specifies a password for the imported file as a SecureString object. To obtain a SecureString object, use the ConvertTo-SecureString cmdlet. For more information, type Get-Help ConvertTo-SecureString. You must specify this password to import a file with a .pfx file name extension.

Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position

named

Default value

none

Accept pipeline input?

false

Accept wildcard characters?

false

-KeyFilePath <String>

Specifies the path of a local file that contains key material that this cmdlet imports. The valid file name extensions are .byok and .pfx. -- If the file is a .byok file, the key is automatically protected by HSMs after the import and you cannot override this default. -- If the file is a .pfx file, the key is automatically protected by software after the import. To override this default, set the Destination parameter to HSM so that the key is HSM-protected.

When you specify this parameter, the Destination parameter is optional.

Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position

named

Default value

none

Accept pipeline input?

false

Accept wildcard characters?

false

-KeyOps <String[]>

Specifies an array of operations that can be performed by using the key that this cmdlet adds. If you do not specify this parameter, all operations can be performed.

The acceptable values for this parameter are a comma-separated list of key operations as defined by the JSON Web Key (JWK) specification (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=613300&clcid=0x409): -- Encrypt -- Decrypt -- Wrap -- Unwrap -- Sign -- Verify -- Backup -- Restore

Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position

named

Default value

none

Accept pipeline input?

true(ByPropertyName)

Accept wildcard characters?

false

-Name <String>

Specifies the name of the key to add to the vault. This cmdlet constructs the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of a key based on the name that this parameter specifies, the name of the vault, and your current environment. The name must be a string of 1 through 63 characters in length that contains only 0-9, a-z, A-Z, and – (the dash symbol).

Aliases

KeyName

Required?

true

Position

2

Default value

none

Accept pipeline input?

false

Accept wildcard characters?

false

-NotBefore <Nullable [DateTime]>

Specifies the time, as a DateTime object, before which the key cannot be used. This parameter uses UTC. To obtain a DateTime object, use the Get-Date cmdlet. If you do not specify this parameter, the key can be used immediately.

Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position

named

Default value

none

Accept pipeline input?

true(ByPropertyName)

Accept wildcard characters?

false

-Profile <Microsoft.Azure.Common.Authentication.Models.AzureProfile>

Specifies the Azure profile from which this cmdlet reads. If you do not specify a profile, this cmdlet reads from the local default profile.

Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position

named

Default value

none

Accept pipeline input?

false

Accept wildcard characters?

false

-Tags <System.Collections.Hashtable>

Specifies a hash table that represents resource tags. For more information about resource tags, see Using tags to organize your Azure resources (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=613624).

Aliases

none

Required?

false

Position

named

Default value

none

Accept pipeline input?

true(ByPropertyName)

Accept wildcard characters?

false

-VaultName <String>

Specifies the name of the vault to which this cmdlet adds the key. This cmdlet constructs the FQDN of a vault based on the name that this parameter specifies and your current environment.

Aliases

none

Required?

true

Position

1

Default value

none

Accept pipeline input?

true(ByPropertyName)

Accept wildcard characters?

false

Input Type

String, String[], DateTime

Return Type

Microsoft.Azure.Commands.KeyVault.Models.KeyBundle

Notes

None

Examples

Example 1: Create a key

This command creates a software-protected key named ITSoftware in the vault named Contoso.

PS C:\>Add-AzureKeyVaultKey -VaultName "Contoso" -Name "ITSoftware" -Destination "Software"

Example 2: Create an HSM-protected key

This command creates an HSM-protected key in the key vault named Contoso.

PS C:\>Add-AzureKeyVaultKey -VaultName "Contoso" -Name "ITHsm" -Destination "HSM"

Example 3: Create a key with non-default values

The first command stores the values decrypt and verify in the $KeyOperations variable.

The second command creates a DateTime object, defined in UTC, by using the Get-Date cmdlet. That object specifies a time two years in the future. The command stores that date in the $Expires variable. For more information, type Get-Help Get-Date.

The third command creates a DateTime object by using the Get-Date cmdlet. That object specifies current UTC time. The command stores that date in the $NotBefore variable.

The final command creates a key named ITHsmNonDefault that is an HSM-protected key. The command specifies values for allowed key operations stored $KeyOperations. The command specifies times for the Expires and NotBefore parameters created in the previous commands, and tags for high severity and IT. The new key is disabled. You can enable it by using the Set-AzureKeyVaultKey cmdlet.

PS C:\>$KeyOperations = 'decrypt', 'verify'
PS C:\> $Expires = (Get-Date).AddYears(2).ToUniversalTime() 
PS C:\> $NotBefore = (Get-Date).ToUniversalTime() 
PS C:\> $Tags = @{'Severity' = 'high'; 'Accounting' = null}
PS C:\> Add-AzureKeyVaultKey -VaultName "Contoso" -Name "ITHsmNonDefault" -Destination "HSM" -Expires $Expires -NotBefore $NotBefore -KeyOps $KeyOperations –Disable -Tags $Tags

Example 4: Import an HSM-protected key

This command imports the key named ITByok from the location that the KeyFilePath parameter specifies. The imported key is an HSM-protected key.

To import a key from your own hardware security module, you must first generate a BYOK package (a file with a .byok file name extension) by using the Azure Key Vault BYOK toolset. For more information, see How to Generate and Transfer HSM-Protected Keys for Azure Key Vault (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=522252).

PS C:\>Add-AzureKeyVaultKey -VaultName "Contoso" -Name "ITByok" -KeyFilePath "C:\Contoso\ITByok.byok" -Destination "HSM" 

Example 5: Import a software-protected key

The first command converts a string into a secure string by using the ConvertTo-SecureString cmdlet, and then stores that string in the $Password variable. For more information, type Get-Help ConvertTo-SecureString.

The second command creates a software password in the Contoso vault. The command specifies the location for the key and the password stored in $Password.

PS C:\>$Password = ConvertTo-SecureString -String "Password" -AsPlainText -Force
PS C:\> Add-AzureKeyVaultKey -VaultName "Contoso" -Name "ITPfx" -KeyFilePath "C:\Contoso\ITPfx.pfx" -KeyFilePassword $Password

Example 6: Import a key and assign attributes

The first command converts a string into a secure string by using the ConvertTo-SecureString cmdlet, and then stores that string in the $Password variable.

The second command creates a DateTime object by using the Get-Date cmdlet, and then stores that object in the $Expires variable.

The third command creates the $tags variable to set tags for high severity and IT.

The final command imports a key as an HSM key from the specified location. The command specifies the expiration time stored in $Expires and password stored in $Password, and applies the tags stored in $tags.

PS C:\>$Password = ConvertTo-SecureString -String "password" -AsPlainText -Force
PS C:\> $Expires = (Get-Date).AddYears(2).ToUniversalTime() 
PS C:\> $Tags = @{ 'Severity' = 'high'; 'Accounting' = null }
PS C:\> Add-AzureKeyVaultKey -VaultName "Contoso" -Name "ITPfxToHSM" -Destination "HSM" -KeyFilePath "C:\Contoso\ITPfx.pfx" -KeyFilePassword $Password -Expires $Expires -Tags $Tags

Online Version
Backup-AzureKeyVaultKey
Get-AzureKeyVaultKey
Remove-AzureKeyVaultKey
Set-AzureKeyVaultKeyAttribute