Provides an overview of Web Services for Management (WS-Management) as
background for using the WS-Management cmdlets in Windows PowerShell.
This topic provides an overview of Web Services for Management
(WS-Management) as background for using the WS-Management cmdlets in
Windows PowerShell. This topic also provides links to more information
about WS-Management. The Microsoft implementation of WS-Management is also
known as Windows Remote Management (WinRM).
Windows Remote Management is the Microsoft implementation
of the WS-Management protocol, a standard SOAP-based, firewall-friendly
protocol that allows hardware and operating systems from different
vendors to interoperate. The WS-Management protocol specification
provides a common way for systems to access and exchange management
information across an information technology (IT) infrastructure.
WS-Management and Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI),
along with the Event Collector, are components of the Windows Hardware
The WS-Management protocol is based on the following standard Web service
specifications: HTTPS, SOAP over HTTP (WS-I profile), SOAP 1.2,
WS-Addressing, WS-Transfer, WS-Enumeration, and WS-Eventing.
WS-Management and WMI
WS-Management can be used to retrieve data exposed by Windows Management
Instrumentation (WMI). You can obtain WMI data with scripts or
applications that use the WS-Management Scripting API or through the
WinRM command-line tool. WS-Management supports most of the familiar WMI
classes and operations, including embedded objects. WS-Management can
leverage WMI to collect data about resources or to manage resources on a
Windows-based computers. That means that you can obtain data
about objects such as disks, network adapters, services, or processes
in your enterprise through the existing set of WMI classes. You can also
access the hardware data that is available from the standard WMI IPMI
WS-Management Windows PowerShell Provider (WSMan)
The WSMan provider provides a hierarchical view into the
available WS-Management configuration settings. The provider allows you
to explore and set the various WS-Management configuration options.
If WS-Management is not installed and configured, Windows PowerShell
remoting is not available, the WS-Management cmdlets do not run,
WS-Management scripts do not run, and the WSMan provider cannot
perform data operations. The WS-Management command-line tool, WinRM,
and event forwarding also depend on the WS-Management configuration.
WS-Management functionality is implemented in Windows PowerShell through
a module that contains a set of cmdlets and the WSMan provider.
You can use these cmdlets to complete the end-to-end tasks necessary
to manage WS-Management settings on local and remote computers.
The following WS-Management cmdlets are available.
-- Connect-WSMan: Connects the local computer to the WS-Management
(WinRM) service on a remote computer.
-- Disconnect-WSMan: Disconnects the local computer from the WS-Management
(WinRM) service on a remote computer.
-- Get-WSManInstance: Displays management information for a resource
instance that is specified by a resource URI.
-- Invoke-WSManAction: Invokes an action on the target object that
is specified by the resource URI and by the selectors.
-- New-WSManInstance: Creates a new management resource instance.
-- Remove-WSManInstance: Deletes a management resource instance.
-- Set-WSManInstance: Modifies the management information that is
related to a resource.
Setup and Configuration Cmdlets
-- Set-WSManQuickConfig: Configures the local computer for remote
management. You can use the Set-WSManQuickConfig cmdlet to configure
WS-Management to allow remote connections to the WS-Management (WinRM)
service. The Set-WSManQuickConfig cmdlet performs the following
- It determines whether the WS-Management (WinRM) service is running.
If the WinRM service is not running, the Set-WSManQuickConfig cmdlet
starts the service.
- It sets the WS-Management (WinRM) service startup type to automatic.
- It creates a listener that accepts requests from any IP address.
The default transport protocol is HTTP.
- It enables a firewall exception for WS-Management traffic.
Note: To run this cmdlet in Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, and
later versions of Windows, you must start Windows PowerShell
with the "Run as administrator" option.
-- Test-WSMan: Verifies that WS-Management is installed and configured.
The Test-WSMan cmdlet tests whether the WS-Management (WinRM)
service is running and configured on a local or remote computer.
-- Disable-WSManCredSSP: Disables CredSSP authentication on a client
-- Enable-WSManCredSSP: Enables CredSSP authentication on a client
-- Get-WSManCredSSP: Gets the CredSSP-related configuration for a
-- New-WSManSessionOption: Creates a WSManSessionOption object to use as
input to one or more parameters of a WS-Management cmdlet.
Additional WS-Management Information
For more information about WS-Management, see the following topics in the
MSDN (Microsoft Developer Network) library.
"Windows Remote Management"
"About Windows Remote Management"
"Installation and Configuration for Windows Remote Management"
"Windows Remote Management Architecture"
"Windows Remote Management and WMI"
"Remote Hardware Management"